Transforming care: A national response to Winterbourne View Hospital
Department of Health Review: Final Report
The abuse revealed at Winterbourne View hospital was criminal. Staff whose job was to care for and help people instead routinely mistreated and abused them. Its management allowed a culture of abuse to flourish. Warning signs were not picked up or acted on by health or local authorities, and concerns raised by a whistleblower went unheeded. The fact that it took a television documentary to raise the alarm was itself a mark of failings in the system.
This report sets out steps to respond to those failings, including tightening up the accountability of management and corporate boards for what goes on in their organisations. Though individual members of staff at Winterbourne View have been convicted, this case has revealed weaknesses in the system’s ability to hold the leaders of care organisations to account. This is a gap in the care regulatory framework which the Government is committed to address.
The abuse in Winterbourne View is only part of the story. Many of the actions in this report cover the wider issue of how we care for children, young people and adults with learning disabilities or autism, who also have mental health conditions or behaviours described as challenging.
CQC’s inspections of nearly 150 other hospitals and care homes have not found abuse and neglect like that at Winterbourne View. However, many of the people in Winterbourne View should not have been there in the first place, and in this regard the story is the same across England. Many people are in hospital who don’t need to be there, and many stay there for far too long – sometimes for years.The review has highlighted a widespread failure to design, commission and provide services which give people the support they need close to home, and which are in line with well established best practice. Equally, there was a failure to assess the quality of care or outcomes being delivered for the very high cost of places at Winterbourne View and other hospitals.
For many people however, even the best hospital care will not be appropriate care. People with learning disabilities or autism may sometimes need hospital care but hospitals are not where people should live. Too many people with learning disabilities or autism are doing just that.
This is the wider scandal that Winterbourne View revealed. We should no more tolerate people with learning disabilities or autism being given the wrong care than we would accept the wrong treatment being given for cancer.