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State of Children’s Rights in England 2016: Policing & Criminal Justice

The UK ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in 1991. This means that all areas of government and the state; including local government, schools, health services, and criminal justice bodies, must do all they can to fulfil children’s rights. In June 2016 the UK Government was examined by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (the UN Committee) on its compliance with the CRC for the first time since 2008. The UN Committee set out a number of concerns and recommendations (Concluding Observations) for change.

This briefing is part of CRAE’s State of Children’s Rights 2016 and assesses the progress made in England towards implementing the UN Committee’s recommendations on civil liberties and criminal justice - which is an area of Special Protection Measures in the CRC. It highlights areas of progress, concern and improvement since July 2015 when CRAE coordinated the England Civil Society report to the UN Committee as part of the last reporting process. This was endorsed by 76 civil society organisations.

This briefing is based on written and oral evidence from CRAE’s members and additional analysis of recent laws and policies, newly published research, official statistics, and responses to Freedom of Information (FOI) requests.