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'Polishing the Diamonds': Addressing Adverse Childhood Experiences in Scotland

The aim of this briefing paper is to give an overview of ACEs and to provide an insight into the following questions:

  1. What does the term Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) mean?
  2. What harm dose being exposed to Adverse Childhood Experiences cause?
  3. How does being exposed to Adverse Childhood Experiences cause harm?
  4. Are there some ACEs that have more of a detrimental effect than others?
  5. Are some people more likely to be affected by ACEs than others?
  6. How common are ACEs and can we measure how many people are affected in Scotland?
  7. What is the economic impact of ACEs in Scotland?
  8. What can be done about Adverse Childhood Experiences?

On the basis of these considerations, a number of areas for possible Public Health action / intervention are identified for further discussion.