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Entry to , and progression in , work

This paper presents policy solutions related to supporting entry into, and progression in, work for ethnic minority groups, based on the diverse body of qualitative and quantitative evidence generated by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation’s Poverty and Ethnicity programme.

The scale and nature of the problems related to ethnic minority groups entering into or progressing in work vary by ethnic group, gender, and region. Age, class, and migrant status (and whether someone is first, second or third generation of a migrant group) are also identified as important factors in determining employment outcomes. These factors relate to, for example, the extent of supportive social networks and access to advice, aspirations, and English language proficiency. This can make capturing a ‘whole picture’ of the challenge very difficult.

To consider the issues, we have grouped some of the key messages from the research according to life stage; younger ethnic minority groups just leaving school in the UK; unemployed ethnic minority groups (who may not have attended school or university in the UK, or who have left education years earlier); and ethnic minority groups who are currently employed.