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English indices of deprivation 2015

Statistics on relative deprivation in small areas in England.

Since the 1970s the Department for Communities and Local Government and its predecessors have calculated local measures of deprivation in England. This Statistical Release contains the latest version of these statistics, the English Indices of Deprivation 2015 which update the 2010 Indices. It is important to note that these statistics are a measure of relative deprivation, not affluence, and to recognise that not every person in a highly deprived area will themselves be deprived. Likewise, there will be some deprived people living in the least deprived areas.

This statistical release provides an overview of the findings of the English Indices of Deprivation 2015 focussing on the national and sub-national patterns of multiple deprivation, with some analysis of patterns in income and employment deprivation. A full Research Report, Technical Report and guidance documents accompany the release of these statistics along with a series of supporting data tables. The Research Report contains more detailed analysis of the individual domains that contribute to multiple deprivation.

The English Indices of Deprivation 2015 are based on 37 separate indicators, organised across seven distinct domains1 of deprivation which are combined, using appropriate weights, to calculate the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015). This is an overall measure of multiple deprivation experienced by people living in an area and is calculated for every Lower layer Super Output Area (LSOA), or neighbourhood, in England. Every such neighbourhood in England is ranked according to its level of deprivation relative to that of other areas.