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Education, Health and Care Plans: examples of good practice from year 9 and beyond

A resource for all those involved in the production of EHC plans

Preparing for adulthood

It is important to note that preparation for adulthood starts from the earliest years for all young people. Conversations about the future and dreams of becoming a police officer, ballerina, sports star or astronaut are common for all children. Their future should hold personalised opportunities for higher education and paid employment; developing independence; good health; and friendships, relationships and community participation.

For children and young people with an EHC plan preparing for adulthood must be a focus in reviews from year 9 at the latest. This means that EHC plans for young people over the age of 13/14 should:

• Include SMART outcomes related to the 4 themes highlighted above;
• Demonstrate consideration of the Care Act 2014 transition assessments by:
• requesting a Child’s Needs Assessment (CNA) where a young person is likely to need care and support post-18 and
when it is of significant benefit to do so;
• where a CNA identifies eligible needs, have a transition plan in place, aligned with the EHC plan and with shared outcomes;
• Prepare young people, along with their families, for taking decision-making responsibility in relation to their EHC plan;
• Consider how to develop and evidence decision making skills for young people approaching and over age 16 in line with the principles of the Mental Capacity Act 2005;
• Continue to be person-centred with the young person’s views, wishes and feelings clearly evidenced throughout the plan;
• Continue to have a ‘golden thread’ that links aspirations, outcomes, needs and provision.