County Lines Violence, Exploitation & Drug Supply 2017

National Briefing Report

This briefing report provides a national overview on the threat of ‘county lines’ drug supply, violence and exploitation. It supports Home Office, NPCC and wider stakeholder priorities including those of the Ending Gang Violence and Exploitation (EGVE) programme. In particular, this report contributes towards the EGVE objective of ‘Tackling County Lines’.

It is the third annual NCA report on this threat, following an initial assessment in 2015 and subsequent update report in 2016. The report also forms part of the NCA’s briefing requirement to the quarterly Gangs Inter-Ministerial Group (IMG).

For the purposes of this report, a typical county lines scenario is defined by the following components:

a. A group (not necessarily affiliated as a gang) establishes a network between an urban hub and county location, into which drugs (primarily heroin and crack cocaine) are supplied.
b. A branded mobile phone line is established in the market, to which orders are placed by introduced customers. The line will commonly (but not exclusively) be controlled by a third party, remote from the market.
c. The group exploits young or vulnerable persons, to achieve the storage and/or supply of drugs, movement of cash proceeds and to secure the use of dwellings (commonly referred to as cuckooing).
d. The group or individuals exploited by them regularly travel between the urban hub and the county market, to replenish stock and deliver cash.
e. The group is inclined to use intimidation, violence and weapons, including knives, corrosives and firearms.

This report does not address wider drug markets or supply issues and has sought to distinguish county lines from more conventional drugs supply methodologies.
The information assessed for this report was provided by 43 territorial forces across England & Wales (100%). British Transport Police and Police Scotland also provided information, but this has not been included for statistical analysis in order to be consistent with the two previous NCA reports on county lines, plus Police Scotland have their own threat assessment and BTP’s perspective is different from that of regional police forces.

This report adopts the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child definition of a child, which is everyone under the age of 18.

Published : 20th November 2017*

Publisher : National Crime Agency  [ More From This Publisher ]

Rights : National Crime Agency

This resource is not currently associated to any Issues

This resource is not currently associated to any Campaigns

Have Your Say

Members are able discuss this resource in the BASW Member Forum. Please login to allow this feature.

Continuous Professional Development

Members are able to add an entry to their CPD record here. Please login to allow this feature.

* Although BASW has prepared the information contained within Social Work Knowledge with all due care and updates the information regularly, BASW does not warrant or represent that the information is free from errors or omission. Whilst the information is considered to be true and correct at the date of publication, changes in circumstances after the time of publication may impact on the accuracy of the information. The information may change without notice and BASW is not in any way liable for the accuracy of any information printed and stored or in any way interpreted and used by a user.